Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Zea mays

Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation of Zea mays Inquiry

Zea mays, also known as maize or corn, is not only an important model plant for studying plant genetics, genomics, and molecular biology, but also a major cereal crop worldwide with high economic values. Following the development and application of genetic modification techniques in modern agriculture, transgenic maize products conferring herbicide and/or insect resistance, drought tolerance or high carbohydrate content aiming for increasing the yield of maize production have been created.

The preferred method for delivery of genes into maize is via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Freshly isolated immature embryos are cocultivated with Agrobacterium carrying vectors with desired genes. The transformed explants are then induced into calli which finally regenerate into new seedlings. This method can generate large numbers of transgenic maize individuals containing single or relatively low transgene copy numbers. Aside from immature embryos, the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method can also be applied with other tissues such as freshly dissected shoot tip or multi-shoot cultures, which is suitable for a lot of genotypes.

Figure 1.  Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of  Zea mays (Zhou et al., 2011)Figure 1. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Zea mays (Zhou et al., 2011)

As a proven leader for the plant genetic transformation technologies, Lifeasible delivers consistent, high-quality services with optimized protocols adapting to specific customer requirements. Our services follow the highest standards and guarantee the best quality for our customers.

In order to obtain optimal transformation efficiency, we provide a wide variety of maize genotypes, Agrobacterium strains, cloning vectors, as well as tissue culture medium compositions for you to choose from:

  • Maize genotypes: inbred lines: A188, A634, H99, W117, Y423, PHR03, Mo17, B104, B114, and Ky21; hybrid line: Hi-II.
  • Agrobacteriumstrains: GV3101, AGL-1, EHA105, LAB4404, and C58C1.
  • Cloning vectors: standard binary vectors as well as super-binary vector and ternary vector systems with advancing transformation frequencies.
  • Growth medium: standard medium; low-salt medium in combined use with antioxidant L-cysteine alone or L-cysteine and dithiothreitol (DTT) for Hi-II; optimal co-cultivation, resting and selection medium with high copper and 6-benzylaminopurine for inbred PHR03.


  1. Zhou, R., Wu, Y., Zou, H., Su, S., Li, S., and Shan, X., et al. (2011). Transformation of, GBSS I, gene driven with barley endosperm-specific promoter into maize inbred line mediated by Agrobacterium. Maize Genomics & Genetics, 3(1), 1-5.
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